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Portugal Military
 
 
 

General

The Armed Forces of Portugal, commonly known as the Portuguese Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Portuguesas) encompasses a Navy (Marinha Portuguesa), an Army (Exercito), National Republican Guard (Guarda Nacional Republicana) and an Air Force (Força Aérea). The President of Portugal is the formal Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces but in practice they answer to the Portuguese Government via the National Defense Minister.

The military of Portugal serves primarily as a self-defense force whose mission is to protect the territorial integrity of the country and providing humanitarian assistance and security at home and abroad. Since the early 2000s, compulsory military service is no longer practised. The changes also turned the forces' focus towards professional military engagements. The age for voluntary recruitment is set at 18.

In the 20th century, Portugal engaged in two major military interventions: the First Great War and the Colonial War (1961-1974). Portugal has participated in peacekeeping missions in East Timor, Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Iraq (Nasiriyah) and Lebanon.

Overview

Military branches
Army, Navy (Marinha Portuguesa; includes Marine Corps), Air Force (Forca Aerea Portuguesa, FAP), National Republican Guard (Guarda Nacional Republicana) (2005)

Military service age and obligation
18 years of age for voluntary military service; compulsory military service ended in 2004; women serve in the armed forces, on naval ships since 1993, but are prohibited from serving in some combatant specialties (2005)

Manpower available for military service
males age 18-49: 2,435,042
females age 18-49: 2,405,816 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
males age 18-49: 1,952,819
females age 18-49: 1,977,264 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annually
males age 18-49: 67,189
females age 18-49: 60,626 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP
2.3% (2005 est.)

 
 



 



 


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